The systemic under-representation of women in national and local legislatures has led many countries to adopt gender quotas as an affirmative action measure. Gender quotas - defined as any measure that specifies a certain level of political representation based on sex - are a common tool in national legislatures. Quotas are particularly common in Africa, 42 of the continent’s countries have some form of quota in place, and have been written into many national constitutions following periods of political transition.
The political discourse after April 2, 2015 (when terrorists stormed Garissa University College and killed 148 people and injured over 70 others) has been likened to the narrative in the US after 9/11 terrorist’s attack and is set to fundamentally change rights and freedoms of refugees in Kenya. The Deputy President (DP) of Kenya, His Excellency William Ruto announced an executive order indicating that Dadaab camp be closed within three months, citing that terrorists are harbored and trained there.
This report documents key findings and recommendations from an assessment of 21 political parties that were selected based on their level of representation in the National Assembly and the Senate after the 2013 general elections. The assessment also sought to establish the performance of key institutions tasked with ensuring that political parties are well managed and comply with the law. Download the report to read more.
This report on Post 2013 General Elections and Electoral Processes is based on a culmination of domestic election observation findings and recommendations, dialogue between electoral stakeholders and thematic issues presented by the Technical Working Group (TWG) on elections since the last general elections, held on March 4th 2013.