As part of IED's mandate, IED monitored and observed the by elections in Juja Makadara and Starehe constituencies . IED's approach was based on its well established tradition and practice in observing elections. In order to support the observation exercise, IED made use of Short message (SMS) to among other things provide parallel votes transmission from the polling stations.
MONITORING VOTER REGISTRATION PROCESS
IED monitored both the electronic and Optical Mark Reader (OMR) voter registration processes in 15 constituencies namely Langata, Mvita, Dujis, Mbooni, Kikuyu, Eldoret North, Matuga, Mandera Central, Nithi, Ndia, Molo, Mt.Elgon Ikolomani, Kisumu Town West and South Mugirango from 12th April 2010 to 11th May 2010 in order to assess, document and avail data and information to inform the on-going fresh registration of voters and the ultimate compilation of a new Register of Voters in Kenya. The monitoring exercise was undertaken as part of our follow up on the Bridge training that IED in partnership with the IIEC conducted for the Regional and Constituency Election Coordinators. Monitoring of voter registration processes is intended to support the IIEC in the new registration exercise and to build citizens’ confidence in the registration processes. Data entry and analysis is work in progress. The final report will be finalized and disseminated in due course.
DRAFTING WORKSHOP FOR ELECTORAL LAWS
A drafters workshop on the Election and draft ECK bills kicked off on 23rd to 27th March 2010 in a Mombasa hotel.
TRAINING OF REGIONAL ELECTION OBSERVERS IN THE IGAD REGION
The IGAD Training Program in Election Observation was carried out from 24th to 27th March 2010 in Mombasa Continental Resort.
MEETING ON ELECTION BILL AND REFERENDUM REGULATIONS.
Consultative meeting on the Election Bill and Referendum Regulations was held from 3rd of March 2010 to 6th of March 2010 at Simba Lodge Naivasha.
CAPACITY BUILDING FOR THE ELECTORAL MANAGEMENT BODY OF KENYA
The five (5) day BRIDGE Course was conducted from 13th – 17th (inclusive) January 2010 for 17 Regional Elections Coordinators (RECs), Deputy Chief Elections Officer, (D-CEO) and five Directors of the Interim Independent Electoral Commission (IIEC), Kenya. The Chairperson of the IIEC, Mr. Ahmed Issack Hassan, officially opened the course giving it the stamp of high level support. Participants were also trained on BRIDGE facilitation skills (methodology) – learning, training and communication skills. This is because it was the very first time for the participants and the IIEC to undergo any BRIDGE training. The participants were also being prepared to conduct further training for Constituency Elections Coordinators(CECs) and their deputies.
Planning for the 3-day training workshop for CECs begun during the assignments for the BRIDGE participants in which they were given home-work to plan for the cascading training workshop using the 8 steps of Civic/Voter Education.
SUPPORTING THE OFFICE OF THE REGISTRAR FOR POLITICAL PARTIES.
Proposed one day workshop to review and finalize the draft Political Parties Tribunal Rules in March, 2010
REFORM OF ELECTORAL LAWS
IED is a member of the Technical Committee on revision and consolidation of electoral laws in Kenya. This work has been going on since 1996. Other members are the Kenya Law Reform Commission, the Attorney General’s Office, Ministry of Justice Cohesion and Constitutional Affairs and the Interim Independent Electoral Commission.
The Technical Committee on the review and finalisation of the Elections laws will hold a 2 day consultative meeting on3rd to 6th March 2010 to finalise discussions on the Draft Elections Bill 2009 and review the draft Electoral Commission of Kenya Bill in light of the proposed draft Harmonised Constitution on 3rd to 6th March 2010. Regulations for the upcoming Referendum will also be discussed.
ANNUAL INSTITUTIONAL RETREAT
IED’s Annual Institutional Planning Retreat was held between 22nd and 26th February
2010 at Lukenya Getaway.
The annual institutional planning retreat is an activity aimed at reviewing IED’s performance during the previous year, and to enable IED reflect on the challenges faced in implementing planned activities, to identify and document best practices, lessons learnt and the success stories of the past year. It also presents an opportunity for strengthening the institutional capacity of programme staff in learning, planning together for the year and bonding as teams. This activity brings together the Board of Directors, Members and staff of IED.
LAUNCH OF THE PUBLICATION AND REPORT ON VOTER REGISTRATION DESIGN FOR KENYA.
IED conducted a Baseline Survey on Voter Registration Design in Kenya from 25th October 2009 to 15th November 2009. The survey was conducted in 20 sampled constituencies namely; Turkana South, Marakwet West, Ainamoi, Kuresoi, Lari, Rongo, North Mugirango, Kisumu Town East, Lugari, Mt Elgon, Kasarani, Kangema, Central Imenti, Wajir West, Lagdera, Mutito, Kibwezi, Voi, Ganze, and Kajiado. The purpose of the survey was to inform and support a new voter registration design and system, and reform to other critical aspects of the electoral process in Kenya.
The study aimed at providing baseline data and information to support the Interim Independent Electoral Commission (IIEC) in its electoral reform efforts and preparation of a new voters’ register for the Constitutional Referendum and future elections. In other words, the survey intended to inform and support the on-going electoral reforms in Kenya. Thus, the purpose of the survey was to generate findings and focused recommendations aimed at informing a new voter registration design and regime, and reform of other aspects of the electoral process in Kenya through the provision of baseline data and information.
The baseline survey report titled “Designing a New Voter Registration system in Kenya: A Recipe for Regaining Voters’ Confidence in the Electoral Processes” was launched on Thursday 18th 2010 at Sarova Stanley Hotel from 10.00 am- 12.00 noon.
STRATEGIC PLANNING WITH PROJECT PARTNERS IN KAMPALA UGANDA FROM 9th to 11th FEBRUARY 2010
German Foundation for World Population (DSW) and consortium partners (IED, 4H- Tanzania, and RHU -Uganda) will implement a project “Healthy Action: Empowering East African non state actors to advocate effectively on health issues.” The objective of this project is to empower Non State Actors (NSAs) in the three East African countries to become meaningful and inclusive participants in civic processes concerning pro-poor health policies by increasing their advocacy capacity to formulate policy priorities, monitor their implementation and hold decision-makers to account.
DSW has organized a planning meeting with the consortium members in Kampala, Uganda to discuss the project methodology and activities, develop clear communication structures and reporting lines, review financial management requirements, develop a sustainability communication and visibility plans as well as monitoring and evaluation strategy. The meeting will also strengthen ties between project partners and build their understanding of advocacy, civic education, and cross-cutting issues including gender, HIV/AIDS and vulnerable groups.
ELECTORAL LAW REVIEW
Draft Election Bill 2009 and Draft ECK Bill 2009 have been ready since early 2009 but the technical working committee agreed to pend further work on them until the IIEC could settle down,understand them and take ownership. Therefore, the workshop that will take place in Mombasa from 14th -17th October is principally for the IIEC and some very critical actors like the parliamentary Committee on Legal Affairs and the judiciary to make focused and structured comments and inputs to the two draft Bills before final validation as a step before they are introduced to Parliament for debate, hopefully before the recess in December 2009.
PRELIMINARY OBSERVATION REPORT SHINYALU AND BOMACHOGE BY-ELECTIONS
The new dawn in the electoral processes that Kenyans yearned for and which the Kriegler Commission recommended is however, yet to be effectively felt. The IIEC must focus all its attention and energy towards this end. The mistakes that the IIEC made and the negative consequences of some the IIEC’s decisions not withstanding, the IIEC did a commendable job and managed the by-elections in a credible and transparent manner.
The Political Parties Act was enacted to mainstream the management and financing of political parties, enhance democratization and sanity within the political parties sector. Therefore, the by-elections provided an arena to observe the practical application and efficacy of the new Political Parties Act and how the IIEC dealt particularly with defections and party-hopping by candidates.
PARALLEL VOTE TABULATION (PVT)
Based on our experience and lessons learnt during the 2007 general elections especially with regard to the difficulties in establishing the credibility and authenticity of results, we have developed a Parallel Votes Tabulation (PVT) system. The system, which was launched on 20th August 2008, will be operated from IED offices in Nairobi. We will use a short message system and code to receive elections results as announced and declared at the polling stations/streams from the Poll Watchers based at the polling stations/streams. The text messages will be processed and analyzed and posted to the IED website. We expect that by mid night on 27th August 2009, we will have received all the results from all Poll Watchers and posted them to our website. Read the whole Press release.
Launch of SMS System for IED
IED held a briefing and launch of a Short Message Service (SMS) system to support and strengthen the electoral processes at Panafric Hotel at 2pm on 20th August 2009
Key Highlights of the System are:
Parallel Vote Tabulation (PVT)
This is an election observation methodology used for independent verification of election results.
PVT has been used in many countries such as Ghana, Albania, Chile, Peru, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Philippines etc.
Dissemination of Voter messages;
This will be used in civic/voter engagement with citizens to strengthen the electoral process.
Conducting Opinion Polls
To support surveys and research and interactions on thematic areas in democratic governance and elections
IED staff and BOD are grateful for the support and feedback of the participants in the launch of its SMS system.
INDUCTION WORKSHOP FOR IIEC and IIBRC
An induction workshop for the Interim independent Electoral Commission (IIEC) and Interim Independent Boundary Commission (IIBRC) was held from the 5-9July 2009 at Simba Lodge, Naivasha. IED was among the organizations organizing and facilitating the workshop, others include Ministry of Justice National Cohesion and Constitutional Affairs (MOJNCCA), UNDP and Kenya Law Reform Commission (KLRC).
POLITICAL PARTIES REGULATION
IED in collaboration with Registrar of Political Parties, KLRC and TI held a 1 day review workshop on political parties Funding and accounting regulations for the Political Parties Act 2007 on 20th June 2009 at Jumuia Conference.
ADVOCACY and PLANNING WORKSHOP FOR KENYAN EMB
The IIEC in collaboration with the Institute for Education in Democracy (IED) are held a planning workshop on 2nd- 5th June 2009. The workshop brought together the Commissioners of the IIEC, local and international consultants as well as the IED development partners.
TRAINING OF AN EFFECTIVE ELECTORAL ASSISTANCE
With the support of USAID, PACT Inc, PACT Kenya, IED convened a stakeholders workshop to develop an advocacy strategy development workshop at Lenana Conference on the 14th of May 2009.
9 civil society organisations were represented in the workshop that was facilitated by PACT Kenya who under the Kenya Civil Society Strenghening Program provide technical assistance to CSO's they have grants with to build there capacity to implement the projects.
The objective of the workshop was to
- develop a clear understanding of what advocacy strategy development entails
- identofy issues upon which advocacy campaigns by IED and its partners will be anchored on and
- develop a framework for engagement/action plan