• IED and CUEA During the signing of the MoU on the School of Democracy Partnership

    From left IED Executive Director Mr. Brian Weke, IED Board Chairperson Mr. Herbert Mwachiro and CUEA Chancellor Prof. Justus Mbae during the signing of the MoU

  • Press Release on Electoral issues 18th September 2016

  • From Law to Practice

    During the launch of the report on the Audit of Political parties

  • IED Team

    IED, ELOG and EISA During the 2015 IED's Annual planning retreat

  • Post 2013 learning platform on Elections Workshop

    The Post 2013 learning platform organized by IED KHRC and ICJ - November 2014

  • Training CBMS ward Monitors

    The Civic engagement Officer Training Community Based Monitoring ward Monitors

  • Advocacy on VLA Findings

    Meeting with IEBC officials to share Voters List Assessment findings and recommendations

  • Simulation Exercise

    Participants taking part in simulation exercise with mock ballot papers – Kajiado – January - 2013

  • Group Discussions

    Focus group discussions with women’s group in Isiolo – January 2013

  • Voter Training

    Participant viewing a poster depicting the layout of a polling station – January - 2013

  • Civic Education

    Community civic education forum in Kipsing – Isiolo – June 2013

  • Observation Training

    Community Based Organization’s observation training - Kilifi - Kwale – December 2012

  • Observers Training

    Community Based Organization’s observation training Eldoret – October 2012



CLICK TO DOWNLOADThe systemic under-representation of women in national and local legislatures has led many countries to adopt gender quotas as an affirmative action measure. Gender quotas - defined as any measure that specifies a certain level of political representation based on sex - are a common tool in national legislatures. Quotas are particularly common in Africa, 42 of the continent’s countries have some form of quota in place, and have been written into many national constitutions following periods of political transition.

Despite the widespread use of quotas, their record of successful implementation and in increasing female representation has been mixed. Kenya is no exception. The country’s gender quota is based on the requirement in the CoK 2010 that no one gender account for more than two-thirds of representatives – it is therefore known as the two-thirds gender rule. Yet today Kenya has one of the lowest levels of female representation in East Africa, with women accounting for only 19% of the National Assembly. In order to address this issue, a national debate is underway to determine the most effective formula to successfully implement the quota.

This debate over the implementation of the gender quota can benefit from examining how similar policies have been implemented in other African contexts. An examination of five case studies (Niger, Uganda, Rwanda, Botswana and Morocco) reveals that gender quotas are an effective way of increasing female representation but also that their success depends on several additional factors. In particular the conduct of political parties, the electoral system and the role of civil society are as important as quotas, if not more so, to achieving real improvements in the role of women in politics. As Kenya debates the implementation of the two-thirds gender rule it could benefit from exploring the successes and failures of other African countries that have implemented gender quotas. To read more, Click on the image to download the report